Johnnie To, Hong Kong cinema and the mainland

An analysis of the present and future of Milkyway Image, through Johnnie To's recent films


Written by Yiu-wai Chu.
 The article was initially published on the webpage of the China Policy Institute.

Billed as the film to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Hong Kong production company Milkyway Image, action film "Three" (2016) marks the return of director Johnnie To to his signature gangster movie after "Drug War" (2013), the first gangster film he shot entirely in Mainland China. The famous director and the company he co-founded in 1996 are walking a fine line between Mainland China and Hong Kong: For staunch supporters of To and Milkyway Image, his unexpected interim project, the stage-to-screen musical "Office" (2015), had just been another Mainland movie in order to “walk with two legs”: using commercial films such as rom-com "Don’t Go Breaking My Heart" (2011) to support the production company’s unique brand of “action thriller meets art-house cinema.” Two years earlier, his 50th film "Drug War" had seen mixed reviews in Hong Kong. I have argued elsewhere that this was due “the untranslatability of Milkyway-cum-Hong Kong flavour that distinguished To from other Hong Kong directors, who were assimilated into the Mainland market as a simple mélange.” Straddling their home turf and the highly profitable Mainland market, To and Milkyway Image may be emblematic of challenges faced by Hong Kong cinema more widely – and of ways to tackle them.


In this light, how is To’s most recent film, "Three", to be seen? Shortly before its premiere in Hong Kong, an article entitled “Johnnie To: Going Deep into the Tiger Mountain” discussed the successes and losses of the director’s endeavors since his first co-production project "Don’t Go Breaking My Heart" in 2011. Taking the bull by the horns, To went deep into the Mainland market, undeterred by the “tigers” there. However, his tiger mountain venture seems not as spectacular as previous experiments in his famously stylistic gangster noir films. While "Three" is recognized by film critics as another project of To’s exceedingly aesthetic experiment with among other things manual slow-motion, it was not particularly well received by To’s fans in Hong Kong. As written recently in the New York Times, “The elaborate, largely slow-motion multifloor action climax is as audacious as anything he has staged and filmed… [but the] movie offers little resonance beyond that; it’s not a career highlight for the director”. Some fans would even argue that the film was “castrated,” and thus failed to present the real Johnnie To.

Be that as it may, I would argue that the northern expedition of Johnnie To has to be read alongside the inheritance of his company Milkyway Image, which To made clear in an interview during the “Udine 2016: Far East Film Festival”: “Milkyway these years has been training new people, hoping to continue, but I do not want to interfere too much. Milkyway Image’s future should be decided by a new generation.” To knows very well that the future of Milkyway Image – and even Hong Kong cinema per se – does not lie in the Mainland market.

It is important to note that Milkyway Image has been walking with two legs nevertheless: "Motorway" (2012) directed by Pou-soi Cheang, highlights the importance of inheritance and transmission in the film sector through the mentor-mentee relationship between the actors Anthony Wong and Shawn Yue. After his successful Milkyway Image projects, Cheang hazarded north to produce blockbusters such as "The Monkey King" (2014) and "The Monkey King 2" (2016).


Meanwhile, Milkyway Image’s inheritance is alive and well on home soil: In April 2016, "Trivisa", an action crime thriller directed by three new directors – Frank Hui, Jevons Au and Vicky Wong – was released by Milkway Image in Hong Kong. Produced by Johnnie To and his long-time collaborator Patrick Yau, the typically “Milkyway Image” film adapts the stories of three real-life notorious mobsters before Hong Kong’s reversion to China in 1997. The three rookie directors were handpicked through Hong Kong’s “Fresh Wave” Short Film Competition, which was masterminded by To. The fact that "Trivisa" opened the 40th Hong Kong International Film Festival in March 2016 and had its world premiere at the 66th Berlin International Film Festival’s Forum section spoke volumes about its significance. Many fans of Milkyway Image and Hong Kong cinema shared reviewer Martin Sandison’s feeling: “Coming out of the film I was overcome with feelings I have experienced many times before with Hong Kong cinema: euphoria, glee and passion.”

Not unlike "Drug War" or "Three", Johnnie To was reportedly planning to screen "Trivisa" in Mainland China, but in the end decided to keep it to the local Hong Kong market as his team did not want to compromise between their artistic interest and Mainland censorship. Bookended by news footage from 1997, the film alludes to the return of Hong Kong under Chinese control, corruption of Mainland officials and the disappearance of Hong Kong. It ends with “Let It Be Gone with the Wind,” a Cantopop oldie originally sung by Hong Kong veteran singer Kenny Bee in 1987.

Recent Hong Kong directors tend to have a special liking for Cantopop oldies such as this one: The use of Cantopop “Wind and Cloud” (originally sung by Sandra Lang in 1979) and “You’re the Best in the World” (originally sung by Roman Tam and Jenny Tseng in 1983) as theme songs in Alan Mak and Felix Chong’s "Overheard 3" (2014) and Stephen Chow’s "The Mermaid" (2016) respectively are two recent examples. Much more than summoning up memories of the good old days, the song “Let It Be Gone with the Wind” perfectly fits the theme of "Trivisa" with a lingering taste of sorrow with overtones of destiny: “Like the north wind, you blew my dreams away; let everything be gone with the wind.”

Ironically enough, 1997 proved to have changed not only the fate of the three mobsters but also that of the former British colony forever. But the spectacular debut of the three first-time directors shows that some of its inhabitants simply refuse to let it be gone with the wind. As written by Edmund Lee in the Hong Kong newspaper South China Morning Post: “If Trivisa is any indication of the bigger picture, Hong Kong cinema’s future may be a lot brighter than that of the city itself.” Owing to the stellar rise of China, Hong Kong and its cinema have recently been seen by many as dying. The intertwined narratives of the mobsters in the film may signal the end of an era, but thanks to the uncompromising effort of Hong Kong filmmakers, we will witness the dawn of a new one – at least for Hong Kong cinema.

Yiu-Wai Chu is Professor and Director of Hong Kong Studies Programme, School of Modern Languages and Cultures at the University of Hong Kong. His research interests focus on Hong Kong culture and related issues such as postcolonialism and globalization. He has published more than twenty books, including “Lost in Transition: Hong Kong Culture in the Age of China” (Albany: SUNY Press, 2013), “Hong Kong Studies as Method” (in Chinese; Hong Kong: Chunghwa, 2016) and “Hong Kong Cantopop: A Concise History” (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, forthcoming in 2017). Image Credit: CC by Oriol Salvador/flickr

COMMENTS

Name

13 Assassins,1,1987: When The Day Comes,1,2017,3,2LDK,1,3-Iron,1,A Better Tomorrow 2018,2,A Company Man,1,A Day,1,A Feeling Greater Than Love,1,A few words about us,1,A Girl at my Door,1,A Lonely Cow Weeps at Dawm,1,A Love,1,A Man of Integrity,1,A Man Vanishes,1,A Simple Life,1,A Single Rider,1,A Special Lady,1,A Stone from Another Mountain to Polish Your Own Stone. Go Shibata,1,A Tale of Love,1,A Taxi Driver,1,A tiger in winter,1,A Whale of a Tale,1,Abdullah Mohammad Saad,2,About Elly,1,Above the Clouds,1,Adam J. Symchuk,21,Adam John,6,Address Unknown,1,Aditya Vikram Sengupta,1,Adriana Rosati,18,Age of Innocence,1,Age of Shadows,1,Aihara Hiro,1,Akihiko Shiota,1,Akihiro Toda,1,Akio Fujimoto,1,Akira Ikeda,2,Akira Kurosawa,1,Akiyuki Shinbo,2,Alan Mak,1,Ale Amout,1,Alex Oost,1,Alexander Knoth,1,Ali Asghar Vadayeh Kheiri,1,Along with the Gods: The Two Worlds,1,Ambiguous Places,2,Amir Masoud Aghababeian,1,Amir Muhammad,2,Amitabh Reza,1,Anand Singh,3,Andrew Thayne,5,Andy Lau,1,Andy Willis,1,Anime,3,Animesh Aich,1,Ann Hui,1,Anna Bliss,3,Anqi Ju,1,Anshul Chauhan,2,Anthony Pun,1,Antiporno,1,Anurag Basu,1,Anysay Keola,1,Apprentice,1,Aqerat,2,Arang,1,Ariyuki Shinbo,1,Armour of God,1,Arrow,4,Art Film Fest Kosice,1,Article Films,3,Asghar Farhadi,1,Asha Jaoar Majhe,1,Asian Classics,27,Ask the Sexpert. India,1,Aya Hanabusa,1,Aya Itabe,1,Aynabaji,1,Baasansuren Nyamdavaa,1,Bad Poetry Tokyo,4,Badrul Hisham,1,Badrul Hisham Ismail,1,BAMY,2,Bangkok Nites,1,Bangladesh,8,Banjong Pisanthanakun,1,Banmei Takahashi,1,Battle of Memories,1,Battleship Island,1,Before We Vanish,2,Behind the Camera,1,Belgium,1,Ben Stykuc,5,Bengal,1,BFI,1,Bhutan,2,Big Tits Dragon,1,Billy Joe,2,Black,1,Blade of the Immortal,1,Bleeding Steel,1,Bloodrunner Zero,1,Bloody Muscle Builder in Hell,1,Bluebeard,1,Bollywood,1,Boo Junfeng,1,Born Bone Born,1,Branded to Kill,2,Breathless,1,Brothers in Heaven,1,Bunny Drop,1,Burma,1,Burning Birds,2,Bystanders,1,Byun Sung-Hyun,1,Call Boy,1,Cambodia,4,Camera Japan,10,Cannes Film Festival,5,Chang,1,Chang Zheng,1,Cheng Cheng Films,1,Children Heaven,1,China,43,Chinese Policy Institute,6,Chinese Shadows,2,Chinese Visual Festival,1,Cho Keun-Hyun,1,Choi Jin-ho,1,Choi Jin-won,1,Choi Min-sik,1,Chris Berry,1,Chu Yuan,1,Chung Ji-young,1,Chungking Express,1,Close-Knit,1,Coffeemates,1,Colette Balmain,7,Colour of the Game,1,Competition,2,Confessions,1,Contact Info,1,Creative Visions: Hong Kong Cinema,1,Criminal City,1,Crocodile,1,Crosscurrent,1,Crows Zero,1,Cyrano Agency,1,Daguerreotype,1,Daigo Matsui,1,Daihachi Yoshida,1,Daisuke Gotô,2,Daisuke Miura,1,Daisuke Miyazaki,3,Dante Lam,1,David Chew,5,David Chew.,1,David Shin,1,Davy Chou,1,Dawn Wind in My Poncho,1,Ddongpari,1,Dead Friend,1,Dead Sushi,1,Deadly Outlaw: Rekka,1,Dechen Roden,1,Deepak Rauniyar,1,Derek Hui,1,Destruction Babies,1,Diary of June,1,Digger,1,Ding Shen,1,Ding Sheng,2,Dismembered,1,Documentaries,18,Documentary,3,Doenjang,1,Don Anelli,23,Dong Yue,1,Double Life,1,Dr. Heo,1,drama,1,Duelist,1,East Winds Film Festival,1,Edmund Yeo,4,Educating Yuna,1,Eiji Uchida,2,Emmanuel Horlaza,1,Enter the Warriors Gate,1,Erotic Diary of an Office Lady,1,Eureka,7,Evil and the Mask,1,Exploitation,34,Explosion,1,Fabricated City,1,Far East Film Festival,7,Fatal Countdown: Reset,1,Fathers,1,Faye Wong,1,Features,23,Feautures,1,FEFF20,1,Fel,8,Festivals,13,Filmddo,1,Filmdoo,17,Fireworks,1,Fireworks Should We See It from the Side or the Bottom?,2,Five Flavors Festival,3,Five Flavours,1,Five Flavours Festival,5,Flying Fish,1,Forgetting Vietnam,1,France,1,Fraser Elliott,1,From Vegas to Macau III,1,Fujian Blue,1,Fullmetal Alchemist,1,Fumihiko Sori,1,Funeral Parade of Roses,1,Funuke Show Some Love,1,Fuyuhiko Nishi,1,Giddens Ko,1,Gillian Anderson,1,God of War,1,Godzilla: Planet of the Monsters,1,Golden Horse Awards,1,Golden Slumbers,1,Good -Bye Silence,2,Gordon Chan,1,Goro Miyazaki,1,Guo Jian-yong,2,Han Jie,1,Hanagatami,1,Hanging Garden,1,Hanuman,1,Hapkido,1,Hashiguchi Takaaki,1,Haunters,1,HBO,2,Heart Attack,1,Helldriver,1,Helsinki Cine Aasia Festival 2018,3,Her Own Address,1,Herman Yau,1,Heung-Boo: The Revolutionist,1,Hidden Gems,50,Hideo Sakaki,1,High-Kick Girl,1,Hindi,1,Hiro Aihara,1,Hirobumi Watanabe,2,Hirokazu Koreeda,4,Hiroshi Ando,1,Hiroshi Shoji,1,Hiroshi Teshigahara,1,Hiroyuki Seshita,1,HKETO,1,Ho Yuhang,1,Holy Island,1,Honeygiver Among the Dogs,1,Hong Ki-Seon,1,Hong Kong,10,Hong Kong Godfather,1,Hong Sang-soo,1,Hongkong,1,Horror,3,Huang Fend,1,Huang Huang,1,Hwang Dong-Hyuk,1,I Am A Hero,1,I Saw the Devil,1,I Wish,1,I-Lin Liu,8,ICA,3,Icarus Films,4,IFFLA,3,IFFR,2,Im Kyeong-soo,1,Imran Firdaus,1,Imran Fridaus,1,In this Corner of the World,3,Indonesia,5,Initiation Love,1,International Chinese Film Festival,1,International Film Festival Rotterdam,9,Interview,2,Interviews,35,Intimate Confessions of a Chinese Courtesan,1,Inugami,1,Inuyashiki,1,Iran,8,Ishmael Bernal,1,Isora Iwakiri,1,J.P. Sniadecki,1,Jackie Chan,5,Jagat,1,Jagga Jasoos,1,James Mudge,1,Jang Chang-won,1,Jang Hoon,1,Jang Joon-hwan,1,Japan,195,Japan Cuts,15,Japan Film Festival Australia,1,Japan Filmfest Hamburg,1,Japan Foundation Touring Programme,3,Japan the Emperor and the Army,1,Japan. Reviews,1,Japanese Film Festival Australia,2,Jeong Jae-eun,1,Jeong Yun-Cheol,1,Jeonju International Film Festival,1,Jess Teong,1,Jesse V. Johnson,1,Jia Zhangke,1,Jimmy Henderson,2,Jin Xingzheng.,1,Jithin K Mohan,1,Joe Odagiri,2,Johnnie To,1,Johnny Ma,1,Joko Anwar,1,Jonathan Li,1,Jonathan Wilson,6,Jonathan Yi,1,Joo Ji-hong,1,Journey of the Tortoise,1,Joy of Man's Desiring,1,July Jung,1,Jun Ichikawa,1,Jun Tanaka,3,Jung Byung-gil,1,Jung Sik,1,Jung Yoon-suk,1,Junichi Kajioka,1,Junpei Mizusaki,1,Justice in Northwest,1,K-dramas,12,Kaasan Mom’s Life,1,Kam Ka-Wai,1,Kaneto Shindo,1,Kang Je-gyu,1,Kang Yoon-Sung,2,Kara Hui,1,Katsuya Tomita,1,Katsuyuki Motohiro,1,kdrama,1,Ke Guo,1,Keep Calm and Be a Superstar,1,Kei Chikaura,1,Kei Horie,1,Kei Ishikawa,1,Keishimi Oto,1,Ken and Kazu,1,Kengo Yagawa,1,Kenichi Ugaba,1,Kenichi Ugana,1,Kenichi Watanabe,1,Kentaro Hagiwara,1,Kfc,1,Kill me,1,Killing Beauty,1,Kim Bong-han,1,Kim Eun-hee,1,Kim Hong-seon,1,Kim Hong-Sun,1,Kim Hyun-seok,1,Kim Jee-woon,3,Kim Jin-Mook,1,Kim Jong-Kwan,1,Kim Joo-hwan,1,Kim Ki-duk,4,Kim Kih-hoon,1,Kim Min Su kII,1,Kim Min-suk,1,Kim Tae-kyeong,1,Kim Whee,1,Kim Yong-hwa,1,Kingyo,2,Kirti Raj Singh,1,Kiss me,1,Kiyoshi Kurosawa,5,Kôbun Shizuno,1,Koji Fukada,1,Koji Wakamatsu,1,Komiya Masatetsu,1,Kon Ichikawa,2,Konrad Aderer,1,Korea,1,korean drama,1,Krzysztof Pietrzak,1,Kun-Yu Lai,2,Kwak Kyung-taek,2,Kyoko Miyake,1,Kyriacos Kyriacou,2,Lady Snowblood,2,Laos,2,Laughing Under the Clouds,1,Le Binh Giang,1,Le Bình Giang,1,Leandro E. Seta,1,Lebanon,1,Lee An-gyu,1,Lee Byeong-Hun,1,Lee Byung-Hun,1,Lee Chang-Hee,1,Lee Je-Yong,1,Lee Joo-young,1,Lee Jung-sun,1,Lee Kwang-kuk,1,Lee Myung-se,1,Lee Sa-rang,1,Lee Seo-goon,1,Leo Zhang,1,Leon Lai,1,Leste Chen,1,Leung Wing-Fai,1,Ley Lines,1,Li Ruijun,1,Like Father,1,Like Son,1,Lim Sang-yoon,1,Lists,11,Little Big Soldier,1,Little Forest,1,Live from Dhaka,1,Live Up To Your Name,1,Loi Bao,1,London Korean Film Festival,1,Los Angeles Indian Festival,3,Love,1,Love and Other Cults,1,Lovers Are Wet,1,Lowlife Love,1,Lyberis,3,Mad Tiger,1,Mad World,1,Madman,2,Mahde Hasan,1,Mai Chan's Daily Life: The Movie,1,Majid Majidi,1,Makoto Shinkai,1,Malaysia,10,Mama,1,Mamoru Hosoda,1,Manny Araneta,1,March Comes in like a Lion,1,Maria Georgiou,23,Mark Gallagher,1,Mary Jirmanus Saba,1,Masaaki Yuasa,2,Masaharu Take,1,Masakazu Sugita,1,Masaki Adachi,1,Masanori Tominaga,1,Masaru Konume,1,Masato Harada,2,Masatoshi Kurakata,1,Matt Cooper,14,Matthew D. Johnson,1,Matthias Hoene,1,Maundy Thursday,1,Memoir of a Murderer,1,Mermaid,1,Michael Haertlein,1,Midi Z,1,Midnight Runners,1,Midori Impuls,4,Milk the Maid,1,Minamata: The Victims and Their World,1,Minoru Kunizawa,1,Miss Zombie,1,Miwa Nishikawa,1,Mohammad Rasoulof,1,Mohammad-Reza Lotfi,1,Mon Mon Mon Monsters,1,Mongolia,2,Moon Lovers,1,Mototsugu Watanabe,4,Mountains May Depart,1,Mourning Forest,1,Movie,1,Moving,1,Mr. Socrates,1,Mrs Fang,1,Mrs K,1,Mumon: The Land of Stealth,1,My Dad and Mr Ito,1,My Hero Chihiro,1,Myanmar,1,Nah Hyeon,1,Namiya,1,Nanachan,1,Naoko Ogigami,1,Naomi Kawase,3,Naosuke Kurosawa,1,Naoyuki Tomomatsu,3,Nawapol Thamrongrattanarit,1,Neko Atsume House,1,Nepal,1,Neuchâtel International Fantastic Film Festival,1,Never Ending Blue,1,New Neighbor,2,New World,1,New York Indian Film Festival,1,News,13,Nicholas Poly,3,Night Bus,1,Night is Short,1,Night is Short Walk on Girl,1,Nikola Cekic,1,Niwatsukino Norihiro,1,Noboru Iguchi,1,Nobuhiko Obayashi,2,Nobuhiro Yamashita,2,Nobuo Nakagawa,1,Nobuyuki Takeuchi,2,Noise,2,Non-fiction Diary,1,Noriaki Tsuchimoto,1,Norman England,2,North Korea,1,Nurse Diary: Beast Afternoon,1,NYAFF,9,Nyamdavaa Baasansuren,1,NYIFF,1,Odd Obsession,1,Oh In-Chun,1,Old Boy,2,Old Stone,1,Old-School Kung-Fu Fest,1,Omar Rasya Joenoes,3,On The Line Festival,3,One Cut of the Dead,1,One Man's China,1,Operation Red Sea,1,Ophilia,1,Ordinary Person,1,Orson McClellan Mochizuki,1,Osaka Asian Film Festival,7,Osamu Sato,1,Our Happy time,1,Outrage Coda,1,Over the Fence,1,Pai Kau,1,Palatpol Mingpornpichit,2,Panos,1,Panos Kotzathanasis,145,Park Chan-wook,2,Park Hee-joon,1,Park Hoon-Jung,3,Park In-je,1,Park Ki- hyung,1,Park Kwang-hyun,1,Parkpoom Wongpoom,1,Party Round the Globe,1,Passage of Life,1,Patrick Hofmeister,71,Pedro Morata,3,Peerachai Kerdsint,1,Pen-Ek Ratanaruang,1,Peng Xiaolian,1,Pepe Diokno,1,Peque Gallaga,1,Perfect Blue,2,Peter Chan,1,Phanumad Disattha,1,Philippines,2,Pieter - Jan Van Haecke,3,Pieter-Jan Van Haecke,7,Pink Eiga,14,PinkEiga.TV,6,pinku eiga,1,Poet on a Business Trip,1,Poolside Man,1,Press Release,2,Proshoon Rahmaan,2,Psychic,1,Pumpkin and Mayonnaise,1,Queen of Triads,1,Rabbit and Lizard,1,Radiance,1,Railway Sleepers,1,Rainy Dog,1,Raja Mukhriz,1,Randy Mckenzie,4,Rape Zombie: Lust of the Dead,1,Rape Zombie: Lust of the Dead 2,1,Ravine of Goodbye,1,Real,1,Red Persimmons,1,Rei Sakamoto,1,Reipu zonbi: Lust of the dead 3,1,Review,3,Reviews,118,Reviews.,2,Riri Riza,1,River of Exploding Durians,2,Robin Weng,1,Roger Lee,1,Ronja,1,Russia,1,RV: Resurrected Victims,1,Ryoo Seung-wan,1,Ryu Kaneda,1,Ryuki,1,Ryutaro Ninomiya,2,S. Korea,62,S.Korea,1,Saayak Santra,2,Sabu,2,Sade Sato,1,San Diego Asian Film Festival,4,Sanjeewa Pushpakumara,2,Sankha Ray,6,Satan's Slaves,1,Satoru Hirohara,1,Satoshi Kon,3,Say Yes,1,Sayandeep Bandyopadhyay,2,Scarlet Heart,1,Score,1,Sea Fog,1,Seijun Suzuki,3,Sekigahara,1,Sexy S.W.A.T. Team,1,Shake Rattle and Roll,1,Shanjhey Kumar Perumal,1,Shaw Brothers,1,She Remembers He Forgets,1,She's the Boss,1,Shift,2,Shigeru Umebayashi,1,Shikhar Verma,3,Shikhar Verna,3,Shim Sung-Bo,1,Shinichi Fukazawa,1,Shinichiro Ueda,1,Shinji Iwai,1,Shinji Somai,2,Shinji Sômai,1,Shinjuku Swan,1,Shinjuku Triad Society,1,Shinobi no Kuni,2,Shinsuke Ogawa,1,Shinsuke Sato,2,Shinya Tsukamoto,2,Shôhei Imamura,1,Shoot for the Contents,1,Shorts,9,Shotaro Kobayashi,1,Shu Qi,1,Shuna Iijima,1,Shutter,1,Siddiq Ahamed,1,Sidi Saleh,1,Signature,1,Silver Spleen,2,Singapore,1,Sinophone,1,Sion Sono,6,Sixth Sense Hooker,1,Sleep Curse,1,Sogo Ishii,2,Soichi Umezawa,1,Solanin,1,Sompot Chidgasompongse,2,Song Hae-sung,1,Song Kang-ho,1,Song of the Week,19,Sopawan Boonnimitra,1,South Korea,17,Sri Lanka,3,Steel Rain,1,Stephen Chow,1,Stephen Fung,1,Still the Water,1,Strange Circus,1,Studio Ghibli,1,StudioCanal,4,Subenja Pongkorn,1,Suffering of Ninko,1,Suicide Club,1,Sukita: The Shoot Must Go On,1,Sun-ho Cho,1,Sunao Katabuchi,3,Sung-hong Kim,1,Sunk Into the Womb,1,Susumu Hirasawa,1,Sweating the Small Stuff,2,Tadashi Nagayama,1,Tae Guk Gi,1,Tag,1,Taiwan,1,Takaaki Hashiguchi,1,Takahiro Miko,1,Takahisa Zeze,1,Takao Nakano,1,Takaomi Ogata,3,Takashi Miike,9,Take Care of My Cat,1,Takeshi Kaneshiro,1,Takeshi Kitano,1,Takuro Nakamura,2,Tatara Samurai,1,Tatsuhi Omori,1,Tatsumi Kumashiro,1,Teppei Nakamura,1,Tetsuo the Iron Man,1,Tetsuya Mariko,1,Tetsuya Nakashima,1,Thailand,11,That's It,1,The Adventurers,1,The Bad,1,The Boy and the Beast,3,The boy from Ipanema,1,The Brink,1,The Chase,1,The Crawler in the Attic,1,The Crazy Family,1,The Day After,1,The Discloser,1,The Dollhouse,1,The elephant and the sea,2,The Executioner,1,The Forest Whispers,1,The Forsaken Land,1,The Fortress,1,The Good,1,The Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles,1,The Inugami Family,1,The Iron Ministry,1,The Isthmus,1,The Kid from the Big Apple,1,The King of Pigs,1,The Last Executioner,1,The Looming Storm,1,The Lowlife,1,The Man Without a Map,1,The Mayor,1,The Merciless,1,The Mermaid,1,The Muse,1,The Naked Island,1,The Name,1,The Night of the Earthquake,1,The Outlaws,1,The Prison,1,The recipe,1,The Road Home,1,The Road to Mandalay,1,the Robber's Daughter,1,The Room,1,The Sacrament,1,The Salesman,1,The Shoot Must Go On,1,The Snow King,1,The Sower,2,The Story of the Disappearance of Maryam,1,The Strange Saga of Hiroshi the Freeloading Sex Machine,1,The Suicide Chain,1,The Swindlers,1,The Table,1,The Third Murder,1,The Thousand Faces of Dunjia,1,The Tiger: An Old Hunter's Tale,1,The Tokyo Night Sky is Always the Densest Shade of Blue,1,The Tooth and the Nail,1,The Vanished,1,The Villainess,1,The Weird,1,Third WIndow,1,This Is Not What I Expected,1,Three Sisters,1,Tôkaidô Yotsuya kaidan,1,Tokyo Ghoul,1,Tokyo Heaven,1,Tokyo Idols,1,Tokyo Vampire Hotel,1,Tolerance Film Festival,1,Tom Waller,2,Tony Leung,1,Tony Takitani,1,Toronto International Film Festival,1,Toshiaki Toyoda,2,Toshio Matsumoto,1,Toshiya Fujita,1,Toshiyuki Teruya,1,Traces of Sin,1,Trailers,76,Train to Busan,1,Tran Ham,1,Trinh T. Minh-Ha,3,Triple Threat,1,True Fiction,1,Twenty Two,1,Twilight Dinner,1,Twitch: You Are My Toy,1,Typhoon Club,1,Udine,1,Unbowed,1,Uncovered,1,V.I.P.,1,Vaishali Sinha,1,Vampire Clay,1,Vampire Cleanup Department,1,Vannaphone Sitthirath,1,various,2,Vesoul International Film Festival,4,Victor Vu,1,Vietnam,4,Vikram Zushi,1,Vimukthi Jayasundara,1,Vincent Kok,1,Violated Angels,1,Visitor Q,1,Vital,1,Vitaly Mansky,1,Voyage to Terengganu,1,Walk on Girl,1,Walking Past the Future,1,Wang Bing,2,Wang Lung-wei,1,Warriors of the Dawn,1,We Make Antiques,1,Wellgo USA,1,West North West,2,What a Man Wants,1,Whispering Corridors,1,White Sun,1,Whore Angel,1,Wiman Rizkidarajat,1,Wine War,1,Without Memory,1,Wol-Ha: Very Bad Moon Rising,1,Woman of the Lake,1,Won Shin-Yeon,1,Wong Jing,2,Woo Ming Jin,1,Wrath of Silence,1,Xaisongkham Induangchanthy,1,Xin Yukun,1,Yamato (California),3,Yang Chao,1,Yang Ik-june,1,Yang Jong-hyeon,1,Yang Woo-seok,1,Yeon Sang-ho,2,Yim Soon-rye,1,Yiu-wai Chu,1,Yoshihiro Nakamura,2,Yoshihiro Nishimura,1,Yoshinari Nishikori,1,Yoshishige Yoshida,1,Yoshitaka Mori,1,Yoshiyuki Kishi,1,Yosuke Takeuchi,2,Yotsuya kaidan,1,You Losers!,1,Your Name,1,Yu Aoi,2,Yu Irie,1,Yuen Woo-ping,1,Yûji Tajiri,2,Yujiro Harumoto,1,Yuki Tanada,1,Yukihiko Tsutsumi,2,Yusaku Matsumoto,2,Yutaka Ikejima,3,Yuya Ishii,1,Zakka Films,2,Zen,1,Zhang Yimou,1,Zoo,1,Zuairijah Mou,1,
ltr
item
Asian Film Vault: Johnnie To, Hong Kong cinema and the mainland
Johnnie To, Hong Kong cinema and the mainland
An analysis of the present and future of Milkyway Image, through Johnnie To's recent films
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JuvHaa1HmPs/WO5TCpwXX0I/AAAAAAAALPY/b3R-6LZKbqMKitsfcSqZP8RcKSPWwukbQCLcB/s320/4346679084_d3a1fcf3e9_o.jpg
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JuvHaa1HmPs/WO5TCpwXX0I/AAAAAAAALPY/b3R-6LZKbqMKitsfcSqZP8RcKSPWwukbQCLcB/s72-c/4346679084_d3a1fcf3e9_o.jpg
Asian Film Vault
http://www.asianfilmvault.com/2017/04/johnnie-to-hong-kong-cinema-and-mainland.html
http://www.asianfilmvault.com/
http://www.asianfilmvault.com/
http://www.asianfilmvault.com/2017/04/johnnie-to-hong-kong-cinema-and-mainland.html
true
3944800929692556231
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy